Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP)
By adopting sustainable consumption and production (SCP) practices there is an opportunity for countries to improve the eco-efficiency of economic growth. Given that there are limits to the capacity of the Earth’s ecosystems to absorb pollution and provide natural resources, the only way to maintain economic progress in the long term without approaching these limits is to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation. In practical terms this means getting more from less; including more efficient and profitable production, using less raw materials, bringing competitive advantage; more value added to a product, with less pollution and waste in the process; and more consumer needs fulfilled, with less energy, water or waste.
The major innovation and strength of SCP is to provide a holistic perspective that integrates the whole life cycle of products and services, combines production and consumption related practices, covers the triple bottom line of economic, environmental and social aspects, follow an interdisciplinary perspective and offers a framework for a consistent policy approach. The role of the public sector is to create a conducive environment for more investments necessary to provide for sustainable consumption choices.